Geometric Period

In this period, the Phoenician alphabet was adopted, the Homeric epics were composed, and the foundation was laid for the creation of the city-state; panhellenic sanctuaries were established, as were periodic athletic contests.

After the Mycenaean period, the visitor enters section 6 of the Early Geometric and Geometric period, a particularly significant time of political and social transformations. The collapse of the Mycenaean world triggered the gradual migration of populations from mainland Greece to the Aegean islands and the coasts of Asia Minor. The native population of Boeotia scattered into small communities, and the space they left was utilized by newcomers from the north, Boeotians, who moved southward and established themselves in the region that took their name (Boeotia).

Calm rapidly prevailed and the region did not participate systematically in further colonial actions or relocations. Recovery began gradually, especially when trade with the East increased.

Towards the end of the Geometric period, the first cities began to appear. In Boeotia. Thebes distinguished itself from the smaller towns that surrounded it. In art, the main feature was the decoration of pottery with geometric motifs.

Boeotian metalwork flourished; among its products were bronze bow-shaped clasps (fibulae) with incised narrative scenes.

In section 6, the visitor is welcomed by a typical Boeotian bell-shaped figurine (showcase 94a). Showcase 94 displays the evolution of ceramics from the Early to the Late Geometric Period. Showcase 95 is devoted to the famous Boeotian metalwork and contains jewellery, seals and clothing accessories.

In showcases 96-97 are exhibited war-related objects, as well as an imposing grave amphora (stand 18).

In showcases 98-99 objects related to religion are presented. Outstanding in showcase 99 is the pottery from a ritual fire in the sanctuary of Herakles in Thebes. On stands 19-20 two poros tripod cauldron from Plataia are shown.

Stands 21-22 exhibit typical household utensils, with jewellery and toiletry vessels in showcase 100.

Funeral pottery and burial customs are presented on stands 24-26 and in showcases 101-103. The representation of a female grave from the tumulus in Kamilovrysi, Paralimni is noteworthy.