Modern Thebes is build right on top of the ancient city. Thebes was one of the most influential ancient cities of Greece. It is inhabited from Neolithic times and its heyday was in the Mycenaean period. Many remains of the ancient city are visible around the modern city, along with few parts of its fortifications build with big boulders on natural rock. Thebes is 45 Km from the capital of modern Boeotia, Livadia.
Some of the most important historical sites in Thebes is the Mycenaean palace, the Isminion temple devoted to Apollo and the Cadmian Gates.